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  1. Hunger in midwestern inner-city young Children.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine the characteristics of hunger in young children who attend ambulatory pediatric clinics in a midwestern city.

    Design 

    Consecutive sample.

    Setting 

    Ambulatory pediatric clinics of an inner-city teaching hospital.

    Participants 

    English-speaking caregivers of 2578 children younger than 5 years.

    Main Outcome Measure 

    Structured survey measures of hunger, family characteristics, assistance program use, child feeding practices, and anthropometrics.

    Results 

    In this population, 171 (6.6%) were hungry, and 842 (32.7%) were at risk for hunger.

    Hunger status was associated with increased age (P<. 001), decreased maternal education level (P=013), maternal nonwhite race (P<. 002), a history of homelessness (P<. 001), and parental unemployment (P<. 001).

    Hunger status was associated with use of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (P<. 001) and food stamps (P<. 001) but not with participation in The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

    Results of anthropometrics indicated that mean growth percentiles were no different between hunger categories.

    Conclusions 

    Housing, dietary, and family characteristics are identifiable risk factors for early childhood hunger.

    Hunger cannot be identified, however, using anthropometrics.

    It is disconcerting that fewer hungry children and children at risk for hunger participate in WIC compared with other programs. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Faim, Ville, Facteur risque, Malnutrition, Enfant, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hunger, Town, Risk factor, Malnutrition, Child, Human, United States, North America, America, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0296285

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 27/11/1998.