This paper aims to identify gender similarities and differences in psychosocial work characteristics for those in and out of paid employment, to inform research on possible health-related effects.
Specifically five questions are addressed :
do women report poorer work characteristics than men ;
are gender differences related to specific characteristics : do work characteristics differ between full-and part-time women workers and between those in paid and unpaid work ;
are socioeconomic gradients in work characteristics similar for men and women ;
and, if there are gradients, do they differ between women in paid and unpaid work ?
Analyses are based on the 33 year follow-up of the 1958 British birth cohort.
Four psychosocial work characteristics were examined : learning opportunities, monotony, pace of work, and flexibility of breaks.
Women reported more negative work characteristics than men, primarily because of differences in learning opportunities (26% lacked opportunity compared with 13% of men) and monotonous work (47 and 31% respectively).
Women in full-time employment reported fewer negative characteristics (27%) than part-time (39%) or home-workers (36%). Home-workers had fewer opportunities for learning (36%) and greater monotony (49%) than paid workers (21 and 22% respectively), however fewer home-workers reported inability to control the work pace (11% compared to 23%) and inflexibility of breaks (21% compared to 47%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Activité professionnelle, Sexe, Rôle professionnel, Aspect social, Homme, Etude cohorte, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Professional activity, Sex, Occupational role, Social aspect, Human, Cohort study, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0295965
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 27/11/1998.