Gender, work roles and psychosocial work characteristics as determinants of health.
This paper aims to identify gender similarities and differences in psychosocial work characteristics for those in and out of paid employment, to inform research on possible health-related effects.
Specifically five questions are addressed :
do women report poorer work characteristics than men ;
are gender differences related to specific characteristics : do work characteristics differ between full-and part-time women workers and between those in paid and unpaid work ;
are socioeconomic gradients in work characteristics similar for men and women ;
and, if there are gradients, do they differ between women in paid and unpaid work ?
Analyses are based on the 33 year follow-up of the 1958 British birth cohort.
Four psychosocial work characteristics were examined : learning opportunities, monotony, pace of work, and flexibility of breaks.
Women reported more negative work characteristics than men, primarily because of differences in learning opportunities (26% lacked opportunity compared with 13% of men) and monotonous work (47 and 31% respectively).
Women in full-time employment reported fewer negative characteristics (27%) than part-time (39%) or home-workers (36%). Home-workers had fewer opportunities for learning (36%) and greater monotony (49%) than paid workers (21 and 22% respectively), however fewer home-workers reported inability to control the work pace (11% compared to 23%) and inflexibility of breaks (21% compared to 47%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Activité professionnelle, Sexe, Rôle professionnel, Aspect social, Homme, Etude cohorte, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Professional activity, Sex, Occupational role, Social aspect, Human, Cohort study, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0295965
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 27/11/1998.