Krankheit und soziale Lage : Sonderfall Neurodermitis.
Traduction en anglais : Disease and socio-economic status : The special case of atopic dermatitis.
Neither the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children nor the magnitude of risk factors such as socio-economic status or environmental pollution are well known in Germany.
In cooperation with the public health service, we therefore carried out a cross-sectional study during a 1992 preschool examination in Hannover covering 4,219 children.
Lifetime prevalence of atopic dermatitis was 10.5% ; the range for prevalence in 49 districts of Hannover was 2.8-25.0%. The AD prevalence differed significantly between German and non-German children (12.4 vs. 2.1%) and among children from families of different socio-economic status (6.5% low ; 18.1% high).
Statistically significant associations between AD risk and social variables (family structure, nationality, socio-economic status, occupation) and the lack of definite associations with environmental factors support the hypothesis that life style may be an important risk factor for atopic dermatitis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dermatite atopique, Statut socioéconomique, Mode de vie, Pollution, Santé et environnement, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Allemagne, Europe, Allergie, Atopie, Immunopathologie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Atopic dermatitis, Socioeconomic status, Life habit, Pollution, Health and environment, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Germany, Europe, Allergy, Atopy, Immunopathology, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0295626
Code Inist : 002B08J. Création : 27/11/1998.