Migration and acculturation among samoans : Some sources of stress and support.
Daily excretion of the stress hormone, epinephrine, has been employed to study potential stressors associated with acculturation and migration.
Young men and women from Samoan communities in Hawaii (HI), American Samoa (AS) and Western Samoa (WS) which differ in exposure to American culture were included.
Psychosocial factors associated with elevations in hormone excretion were assumed to be stressors, while associations with reduced excretions were assumed to be supportive or buffers.
Hormone excretion levels were similar in all locations, but there were different associations which could be attributed to migration and acculturation.
Among all migrants (HI) ethnic networks were apparent stressors, while a high degree of community involvement was stressful for migrant women.
In sites of culture contact (HI, AS) certain adu ! t members of the extended family were supportive, as was a superior knowledge of Samoan cultural concepts.
For women in Samoa (WS, AS) community involvement was supportive.
In contrast for men in WS and AS, but not in HI. being of mixed ancestry or having close family of mixed ancestry was stressful.
It is concluded that hormone analysis can provide meaningful clues concerning social stressors in acculturating or migrant communities.
Also that migration or acculturation do not necessarily result in increased levels of stress.
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Migration population, Immigrant, Acculturation, Aspect social, Adrénaline, Marqueur biologique, Activité biologique, Homme, Samoa, Polynésie, Océanie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hormone
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Population migration, Immigrant, Acculturation, Social aspect, Epinephrine, Biological marker, Biological activity, Human, Samoa, Polynesia, Oceania, United States, North America, America, Hormone
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0290201
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 27/11/1998.