This study examined Hispanic versus non-Hispanic white pattems of needing assistance with instrumental activities of daily living (IADL).
The authors interviewed 798 Hispanic and 614 non-Hispanic white residents of rural Colorado, who were aged 60 years and older between 1993 and 1995.
Seventy-five participants were nursing home residents at the time of the interview.
Community-dwelling Hispanics were 1.6 times as likely as non-Hispanic whites to need assistance with at least one IADL task (95% confidence interval 1.25-2.13).
A larger proportion of disabled non-Hispanic whites were in nursing homes but, after including nursing home residents, Hispanics remained significantly more likely to need assistance on at least one IADL task (odds ratio=1.49,95% confidence interval 1.16-1.93).
Hispanics were also more likely to have difficulty on observed performance tasks.
The Hispanic excess was not removed by adjusting for chronic disease, reported difficulty walking, or income.
English language proficiency adjustment lowered the Hispanic excess, but adjusting for years of education or Mini-Mental State Examination scores more completely removed the ethnic differences.
Higher education was protective for both Hispanic and non-Hispanic white elderly.
Efforts to further investigate what facets or correlates of education are operating may offer useful insights into limiting IADL difficulties in future cohorts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap, Vie quotidienne, Ethnie, Caucasoïde, Espagnol, Dépendance, Autonomie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Vieillard, Homme, Colorado, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Zone rurale, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Handicap, Daily living, Ethnic group, Caucasoid, Spanish, Dependence, Autonomy, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Elderly, Human, Colorado, United States, North America, America, Rural area, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0289827
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 27/11/1998.