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  1. Correlates of body weight in the 1994 National Population Health Survey.

    Article - En anglais


    This study examines three specific questions about obesity and overweight, using a nationally representative sample of Canadians.

    Are sociodemographic and lifestyle behaviors associated with body weight ?

    Is body weight correlated with specific health outcomes ?

    Has the prevalence of obesity in Canada changed since 1978 ?


    Secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey.

    SAMPLE : This study uses the 1994 National Population Health Survey (NPHS) by Statistics Canada.

    It is a stratified random sample of 19600 Canadians across all provinces.


    The results show that age, gender, education, birth place and region, are significantly associated with obesity.

    When a lower criterion is used for overweight and obesity (body mass index, BMI =25), dummy variables for marital status and occupation are also significant.

    Second, obesity is associated with poorer self-rated health, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, respiratory and stomach problems.

    For those respondents who have a BMI score of 25 or greater, there is also an association with stroke.

    Finally, it is unclear whether the prevalence of obesity has changed.

    However, there appears to be a systematic difference between studies using actual height and weight measurements (anthropometric) vs self-reported measurements. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Poids corporel, 1994, Surveillance, Obésité, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude transversale, Analyse donnée, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Body weight, 1994, Surveillance, Obesity, Canada, North America, America, Cross sectional study, Data analysis, Human, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0289190

    Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 27/11/1998.