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  1. Fulltext. Are tobacco industry campaign contributions influencing state legislative behavior ?

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study tested the hypothesis that tobacco industry campaign contributions influence state legislators'behavior.

    Methods

    Multivariate simultaneous equations regression was used to analyze data on tobacco industry campaign contributions to state legislators and legislators'tobacco control policy scores in 6 states.

    Campaign contributions were obtained from disclosure statements available in the specific state agency that gathers such information in each state.

    Tobacco policy scores were derived from a survey of key informants working on tobacco issues in each state.

    Results

    As tobacco industry contributions increase, a legislator's tobacco policy score tends to decrease (i.e., become more pro-tobacco industry).

    A more pro-tobacco position was associated with larger contributions from the industry.

    These results were significant even after controls for partisanship, majority party status, and leadership effects.

    In California, campaign contributions were still significantly related to tobacco policy scores after controls for constituent attitudes and legislators'personal characteristics.

    Conclusions

    Tobacco industry campaign contributions influence state legislators in terms of tobacco control policy-making.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Industrie tabac, Législation, Politique sanitaire, Prise décision, Comportement social, Financement, Influence, Epidémiologie, Corrélation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude multicentrique, Prévention

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco industry, Legislation, Health policy, Decision making, Social behavior, Financing, Influence, Epidemiology, Correlation, Human, United States, North America, America, Multicenter study, Prevention

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0288669

    Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 27/11/1998.