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  1. Fatal residential fires : Who dies and who survives ?

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - The United States has one of the highest fire fatality rates in the developed world, and three quarters of these deaths are in residential fires.

    Objective

    - To compare characteristics of those who die and those who survive in the same residential fire.

    Design

    - Data on fatal residential fires were collected from the medical examiner and interviews with local fire officials.

    Sorting. - North Carolina.

    Subjects

    - Persons in residential fires with at least 1 fatality in a 1-year period.

    Main Outcome Measure

    - Dying vs surviving a fatal residential fire that occurred with more than 1 person at home.

    Results

    - Of the 190 decedents, 124 (65%) were male, 78 (41%) were home alone, and 69 (53%) of 130 adults who had blood alcohol measured were intoxicated (blood alcohol content>22 mmol/L [100 mg/dL]). Of the 254 persons present during fires in which more than 1 person was at home, 112 died.

    Individuals more likely to die (high-vulnerability group) were younger than 5 years or 64 years or older, had a physical or cognitive disability, or were impaired by alcohol or other drugs (risk of death for group, odds ratio [OR], 4.01 ; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.29-7.03).

    The presence of an adult with no physical or cognitive disabilities who was unimpaired by alcohol or other drugs (a potential rescuer) reduced the risk of death in the high-vulnerability group (OR, 0.49 ; 95% Cl, 0.24-0.99) but not the low-vulnerability group. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Incendie, Dépistage, Résidence principale, Facteur risque, Etude comparative, Survie, Mortalité, Etiologie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Traumatisme, Organisation santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fire, Medical screening, Principal residence, Risk factor, Comparative study, Survival, Mortality, Etiology, Human, United States, North America, America, Trauma, Public health organization

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0288588

    Code Inist : 002B16J. Création : 27/11/1998.