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  1. Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in a representative Anglo-Celtic population of urban Melbourne.

    Article - En anglais

    The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori and its relationship with different epidemiological factors in an Anglo-Celtic Australian population in the Melbourne urban area.

    Two hundred and seventy-three (120 men and 153 women with a mean age of 55.6 and range of 20 to 80 years) of 396 eligible subjects randomly sampled from the telephone directory were studied.

    An ELISA technique was used to detect H. pylori immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibody and self-administered questionnaires were completed.

    The overall seroprevalence of H. pylori was 38%, and increased with age from 18% (20-30 years old) to 53% (over 70 years ; P<0.0001).

    The acquisition of H. pylori infection was 1% per year.

    The prevalence of H. pylori was 48% in men and 30% in women (P<0.01).

    The frequency of H. pylori was also associated with low-income levels and current smoking, but was not associated with peptic ulcer disease history.

    The prevalence of H. pylori infection in a representative Australian population was found to be similar to other developed countries.

    The risk factors for H. pylori infection include age, male sex, low household income and a smoking habit.

    No correlation between H. pylori status and dyspepsia symptoms were observed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Gastrite, Bactériose, Infection, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bactérie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Effet environnement, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Homme, Australie, Océanie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gastritis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bacteria, Prevalence, Risk factor, Environmental effect, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Human, Australia, Oceania, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0287762

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 27/11/1998.