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  1. Radiation accidents : lessons learnt for future radiological protection.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    European Radiation Research'97 Joint Meeting of the Association for Radiation Research (ARR) and the European Society for Radiation Biology (ESRB). Oxford, GBR, 1997/09/24.

    Purpose 

    To review major radiation accidents that have occurred over a 50 year period.

    To identify common factors, since feedback may prevent recurrence.

    Methods 

    Accidents are classified according to the difficulties involved in their management and to the delay between their occurrence and their recognition.

    Results 

    The rate of severe accidents increases with time, especially those involving the public, and accidents are not always immediately recognized.

    The real number of serious unrecognized accidents is unknown.

    Human factors, such as lack of elementary safety rules and inadequate training, play a major role in most of the accidents occurring in industry and in the medical field.

    Conclusions 

    Common sense could have prevented many severe accidents that resulted in deaths and serious injuries.

    Delay in the identification of accidents results in severe consequences.

    Pre-planning is essential and may minimize the severity and the deterioration of the situation.

    Research efforts in the field of medical handling of severely radiation-injured victims should be maintained.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Radioprotection, Article synthèse, Prévention, Facteur humain, Méthode protection, Information public, Causalité, Secret, Accident nucléaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioprotection, Review, Prevention, Human factor, Shielding method, Public information, Causality, Secrecy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0287584

    Code Inist : 002A08F04. Création : 27/11/1998.