I explore the role that may be played by an ecological view of AIDS prevention and AIDS-related social concerns.
The study of AIDS risk behavior and interventions designed to prevent AIDS have challenged Health Psychology's typically individualistic perspective.
Issues of empowerment, psychological sense of community, interpersonal ties, resources, and culture are central to an understanding of risky sexual behavior and helping people to guard themselves from the threat of AIDS.
However, despite Community Psychology's historical expertise in these areas, the field has only recently become involved in AIDS prevention efforts.
I outline how resource-based, ecological theories may prove more helpful in addressing the AIDS pandemic than the individual, cognitive theories that have typically been adopted.
Sexual behavior and associated risk are tied not simply to people's personal behavior and thoughts but to the likelihood of disease exposure in their ethnic group, the power and choices associated with power in that group, and the alternative means available of meeting their overall sexual, romantic, economic, and social goals.
As such, AIDS research and intervention must simultaneously address the individual, social, and cultural spheres if insights that can translate to meaningful change can be expected to occur.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Prise risque, Comportement sexuel, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Approche écologique, Milieu culturel, Environnement social, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Risk taking, Sexual behavior, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Ecological approach, Cultural environment, Social environment, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0287458
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 27/11/1998.