A controlled evaluation of an elementary school primary prevention program for eating problems.
Researchers have recently called for the development of primary prevention of eating disorders programs aimed at elementary school students.
The present study reports on the development of a curriculum for fifth graders designed to encourage healthy eating. exercise. and body image while discouraging caloric-restrictive dieting, exercising for weight loss. and the development of body dissatisfaction.
The program consisted of ten lessons taught by the classroom teachers.
The influence of the curriculum on (1) knowledge about nutrition, body fat. and dieting : (2) attitudes about fat people and own body (body esteem) ; and (3) behaviors, including attempts at weight reduction. consumption of fruits and vegetables. and exercising, were evaluated in a pre-post controlled experimental design.
There were 222 white public school children who participated in both the pre-and posttcsting. 167 of whom were in the classrooms receiving the curriculum.
Results indicated that knowledge was broadly improved by the curriculum.
There were information improvements in terms of nutrition, effects of dieting. and causes of body fat.
Attitudinal changes were less pronounced. although the curriculum did positively affect attitudes about fat people.
Behavior, including eating patterns, exercise patterns. weight reduction attempts, and teasing of fat children, was not changed by participation in the curriculum.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble comportement alimentaire, Prévention, Milieu scolaire, Education santé, Description, Image corporelle, Satisfaction, Santé mentale, Préadolescent, Homme, Femelle, Prévention primaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Eating disorder, Prevention, School environment, Health education, Description, Body image, Satisfaction, Mental health, Preadolescent, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0284444
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 27/11/1998.