HIV-risk behavior and the public health context of HIV/AIDS among women living with a severe and persistent mental illness.
We documented HIV-risk behavior and the public health context of AIDS in women living with a severe and persistent mental illness.
Sixty-one women were recruited from outpatient clinics and day-treatment programs at a state psychiatric hospital.
They completed a survey that included measures of HIV-related risk behavior, the perceived importance of 11 public health and social problems including AIDS, HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, perceived risk, and behavioral intentions.
Thirty-eight percent of participants engaged in at least one type of HIV-risk behavior during the 2 months before assessment, 23% reported two or more risk factors, and 16% reported three or more risk factors.
Consistent condom use was rare.
Participants reporting 1 or more risk factors were more likely than those reporting no risk to report histories of alcohol or drug treatment, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV testing, and more perceived risk of HIV infection.
Poverty and unemployment were viewed as more serious problems than HIV infection and AIDS.
HIV-prevention interventions that are tailored to the needs and priorities of women with a severe mental illness are urgently needed to prevent further infections.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prise risque, Comportement sexuel, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Trouble psychiatrique, Santé mentale, Homme, Femelle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk taking, Sexual behavior, Prevalence, Epidemiology, New York, United States, North America, America, Mental disorder, Mental health, Human, Female, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0283047
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 27/11/1998.