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  1. The use of infrared ear thermometers in pediatric and family practice offices.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To describe the use of infrared (IR) ear thermometers in pediatric and family practice offices.

    Methods

    The authors mailed a questionnaire to 350 randomly selected members of the American Academy of Pediatrics and to 355 randomly selected members of the American Academy of Family Physicians.

    Results

    Of respondents in clinical practice, 78% had used IR ear thermometers at least once in the past ; 65% of pediatricians and 64% of family practice physicians were current users.

    Seventeen percent of pediatric offices and 18% of family practice offices that had used IR ear thermometers had discontinued use, most citing inaccuracy or lack of staff trust in the device.

    Pediatric offices were less likely than family practice offices to use the device in well neonates and sick neonates and more likely to use it in sick children.

    Advantages cited included rapid readings, ease of use, and accuracy.

    Seventy-five percent of current users reported at least one problem, including low readings and lack of staff trust.

    Conclusions

    IR ear thermometers are widely used in pediatric and family practice offices.

    Some offices limit use of these devices to older children and adults, and most of the offices surveyed report using other devices as a check on the accuracy of IR thermometers.

    Statements by professional organizations that provide user guidelines and establish appropriate age cutoffs would be helpful.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Thermomètre, Thermométrie IR, Tympan, Pédiatrie, Milieu hospitalier, Milieu familial, Matériel technique, Utilisation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Thermometer, Infrared thermometry, Tympanum, Pediatrics, Hospital environment, Family environment, Technical equipment, Use, Human, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0281947

    Code Inist : 002B24O14. Création : 27/11/1998.