To assess effectiveness of general practitioner advice about child safety, and provision of low cost safety equipment to low income families, on use of safety equipment and safe practices at home.
Randomised, unblinded, controlled trial with initial assessment and six week follow up by telephone survey.
Twenty families from intervention and control groups were randomly selected for a home visit to assess validity of responses to second survey.
A general practice in Nottingham.
98% (165/169) of families with children aged under 5 years registered with the practice.
General practitioner safety advice plus, for families receiving means tested state benefits, access to safety equipment at low cost Control families received usual care.
Possession and use of safety equipment and safe practices at home.
Before intervention, the two groups differed only in possession of fireguards.
After intervention, significantly more families in intervention group used fireguards (relative risk 1.89,95% confidence interval 1.18 to 2.94), smoke alarms (1.14,1.04 to 1.25), socket covers (1.27,1.10 to 1.48), locks on cupboards for storing cleaning materials (1.38,1.02 to 1.88), and door slam devices (3.60,2.17 to 5.97).
Also, significantly more families in intervention group showed very safe practice in storage of sharp objects (1.98,1.38 to 2.83), storage of medicines (1.15,1.03 to 1.28) (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pratique professionnelle, Médecin généraliste, Milieu familial, Statut socioéconomique, Prévention, Accident corporel, Equipement, Sécurité, Coût, Faible, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe, Etude en condition contrôlée, Randomisation, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional practice, General practitioner, Family environment, Socioeconomic status, Prevention, Personal injury, Equipment, Safety, Costs, Low, Evaluation, Child, Human, United Kingdom, Europe, Controlled environment study, Randomization, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0281453
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 27/11/1998.