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  1. A randomised controlled trial of general practitioner safety advice for families with children under 5 years.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To assess effectiveness of general practitioner advice about child safety, and provision of low cost safety equipment to low income families, on use of safety equipment and safe practices at home.

    Design 

    Randomised, unblinded, controlled trial with initial assessment and six week follow up by telephone survey.

    Twenty families from intervention and control groups were randomly selected for a home visit to assess validity of responses to second survey.

    Setting 

    A general practice in Nottingham.

    Subjects 

    98% (165/169) of families with children aged under 5 years registered with the practice.

    Interventions 

    General practitioner safety advice plus, for families receiving means tested state benefits, access to safety equipment at low cost Control families received usual care.

    Main outcome measures 

    Possession and use of safety equipment and safe practices at home.

    Results 

    Before intervention, the two groups differed only in possession of fireguards.

    After intervention, significantly more families in intervention group used fireguards (relative risk 1.89,95% confidence interval 1.18 to 2.94), smoke alarms (1.14,1.04 to 1.25), socket covers (1.27,1.10 to 1.48), locks on cupboards for storing cleaning materials (1.38,1.02 to 1.88), and door slam devices (3.60,2.17 to 5.97).

    Also, significantly more families in intervention group showed very safe practice in storage of sharp objects (1.98,1.38 to 2.83), storage of medicines (1.15,1.03 to 1.28) (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pratique professionnelle, Médecin généraliste, Milieu familial, Statut socioéconomique, Prévention, Accident corporel, Equipement, Sécurité, Coût, Faible, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe, Etude en condition contrôlée, Randomisation, Personnel sanitaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional practice, General practitioner, Family environment, Socioeconomic status, Prevention, Personal injury, Equipment, Safety, Costs, Low, Evaluation, Child, Human, United Kingdom, Europe, Controlled environment study, Randomization, Health staff

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0281453

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 27/11/1998.