To estimate the magnitude of serious eye disorders and of visual impairment in a defined elderly population of a typical metropolitan area in England, and to assess the frequency they were in touch with, or known to, the eye care services.
Cross sectional survey using two stage cluster random sampling.
General practices in north London.
Random sample of people aged 65 and older, drawn from a defined population of elderly people registered with 17 general practice groups.
Proportions and population prevalence estimates were determined for visual acuity, assessed with the person's own spectacles (if any), classified into four categories : prevalence of cataract, age related macular degeneration, and refractive error causing visual impairment and of definite primary open angle glaucoma ; and status of contact with eye seduces.
1547 of 1840 (84%) eligible people were examined.
The population prevalence of bilateral visual impairment (visual acuity<6/12) was 30%, of which 72% was potentially remediable. 92 of these 448 cases (21%) had visual acuity<6/60 ( « blindness ») in one or both eyes.
Prevalence of cataract causing visual impairment was 30% ; 88% of these people were not in touch with the eye services.
The prevalence of vision impairing, age related macular degeneration was 8% and of glaucoma (definite cases) was 3%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Oeil pathologie, Indice gravité, Trouble vision, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Zone urbaine, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Eye disease, Severity score, Vision disorder, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Urban area, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0280561
Code Inist : 002B09N. Création : 27/11/1998.