This article reviews recent research on the prevalence and virulence of obesity as a causal risk factor for mortality and morbidity.
The prevailing assumption that obesity, by itself, is a chronic disease or a primary risk factor for health is challenged.
A historical perspective is used to analyze the efficacy of various medical and educational approaches that have attempted to alter body size in the pursuit of enhanced physical health.
The motivational discrepancies between society's media-induced desire for thinness and the health field's risk reduction approach to weight loss are outlined.
Finally, ethical issues are raised in relation to current weight control measures, implications for future educational efforts are discussed, and potential guidelines for future weight management programs are presented.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Perte, Poids corporel, Education santé, Facteur risque, Conduite à tenir, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Article synthèse, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Loss, Body weight, Health education, Risk factor, Clinical management, Human, United States, North America, America, Review, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0280299
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 27/11/1998.