To evaluate the health-related content validity of nine fitness tests by studying how low, mid, and high levels of fitness are associated with perceived health and musculoskeletal functioning.
Cross-sectional methodological study.
A research institute for health promotion.
Middle-aged (37 to 57 years) men (n=245) and women (n=253), evenly selected from five age cohorts of a random population sample.
The odds ratios (ORs) of selected health outcomes for low (least fit 20%), mid (next 40%), and high (most fit 40%) fitness categories in the different tests adjusted for several possible confounders.
Cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by 2-km walk test, was strongly and consistently associated with perceived health and mobility (stair climbing) in both genders (range of ORs, 2.4 to 17.6), and a somewhat weaker relationship was found with leg power and with leg strength (ORs, 2.5 to 7.2).
Low fitness in back muscular endurance and upper-body strength were associated with mobility disability (ORs, 2.8 to 8.5) and with back dysfunction and pain (ORs, 2.9 to 6.1).
High fitness in back endurance in men and in balance in women were related to positive back health (ORs, 2.5 to 3.7).
Body mass index was associated with musculoskeletal disability in women (ORs, 2.4 to 5.3). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exploration clinique, Santé, Mobilité, Rachis dorsolombaire, Test activité, Exercice physique, Fitness, Relation, Perception corporelle, Evaluation performance, Homme, Système ostéoarticulaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Clinical investigation, Health, Mobility, Dorsolumbar spine, Screening test, Physical exercise, Fitness, Relation, Body perception, Performance evaluation, Human, Osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0277279
Code Inist : 002B24O14. Création : 27/11/1998.