End-stage renal disease (ESRD) on long-term dialysis is a substantial problem in Reunion because of the high incidence and prevalence of this disease due to non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and systemic arterial hypertension.
In 1996 the renal study group of the Indian Ocean Society of Nephrology established a regional registry of end-stage renal failure (ESRD) on long-term dialysis.
The present report summarizes data obtained from this registry.
In 1996, there were 125 patients who were initiated on long-term dialysis, 657 patients on dialysis with a mean age 52±17 years, and 110 patients with a functioning kidney graft.
The incidence rate of ESRD was 188 per million population (p.m.p.) and the prevalence rate of this pathology was 1155 p.m.p. The sex ratio (F/M) was 1.4/1. The two most common causes of ESRD were NIDDM in 33.6% and systemic arterial hypertension in 27.5%. The mean Kt/V value was 1.47±0.23 and the mortality rate was 8.1% per year.
The results demonstrate high incidence and prevalence rates of ESRD mainly as a result of NIDDM and systemic arterial hypertension.
Mots-clés Pascal : Insuffisance rénale, Stade terminal, Etiopathogénie, Diabète non insulinodépendant, Incidence, Facteur risque, Hypertension artérielle, Evolution, Epidémiologie, Homme, Ile Réunion, Iles Océan Indien, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie, Endocrinopathie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Renal failure, Terminal stage, Etiopathogenesis, Non insulin dependent diabetes, Incidence, Risk factor, Hypertension, Evolution, Epidemiology, Human, Reunion, Indian Ocean Islands, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease, Endocrinopathy, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0277261
Code Inist : 002B14A05. Création : 27/11/1998.