Incidence and significance of free fluid on abdominal computed tomographic scan in blunt trauma.
Annual Meeting of the Western Trauma Association. Snowbird, UT, USA, 1997/03/01.
To determine the incidence and significance of free fluid on abdominal CT in blunt trauma.
Retrospective chart review.
All blunt trauma patients with an abdominal computed tomographic scan from August of 1993 to December of 1995 were identified from the trauma registry at a Level 1 trauma center.
A total of 1,159 computed tomographic scans were performed ; records of 18 patients were excluded for incomplete records.
Official reports of computed tomographic scans were reviewed for free fluid, solid organ injury, bladder injury, and pelvic fracture.
Free fluid without solid organ injury was found in 3% (34 of 1141).
Laparotomy was performed because of free fluid in 13 patients.
There were six small bowel injuries and one diaphragm injury for a therapeutic laparotomy rate of 54%. Ten patients had trace free fluid and did not undergo laparotomy ; none had a missed small bowel injury.
The presence of more than trace amounts of free fluid without solid organ injury in patients with blunt trauma is a strong indication for exploratory laparotomy.
Patients with isolated trace amounts of free fluid can be safely observed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Abdomen, Exploration, Tomodensitométrie, Signe radiologique, Liquide, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Diagnostic, Chirurgie, Traitement, Indication, Homme, Abdomen pathologie, Radiodiagnostic, Imagerie médicale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Abdomen, Exploration, Computerized axial tomography, Radiologic sign, Liquid, Epidemiology, Incidence, Diagnosis, Surgery, Treatment, Indication, Human, Abdominal disease, Radiodiagnosis, Medical imagery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0276382
Code Inist : 002B16G. Création : 27/11/1998.