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  1. Relationship between solvent inhalation and antisocial behavior : Special emphasis on two types of violence seen in solvent abusers.

    Article - En anglais

    Organic solvent inhalation is a serious problem among youths in Japan.

    It induces physical and mental disorders, and is related closely to crime and delinquency.

    The relationship between solvent inhalation and antisocial behavior was investigated in 75 youths.

    The subjects were divided into three groups according to the level of violent behavior and the time of appearance : a non-violent group, a late-onset group (violence occurred after the start of inhalation) and an early-onset group (violence had occurred before the start of inhalation).

    Various parameters were compared among the groups.

    The late-onset group showed the following characteristics :

    • (i) the frequency of inhalation was high, and many subjects experienced hallucinations and mood changes caused by inhalation ;

    • (ii) the family environment was characterized by conflict ;

    • and (iii) the subjects had strong psychological conflicts and showed dissociative coping with frustration.

    The violence, psychological conflict and dissociation in this group were found to be related to the inhalation, with familial conflict as a background.

    The violence in the early-onset group was considered to be the manifestation of a violent personality as the frequency of inhalation and the incidence of mental symptoms were both low.

    The subjects in this group showed weak psychological conflict and tended to be demanding of others when attempting to cope with frustration. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Solvant organique, Inhalation, Toxicité, Trouble comportement social, Trouble psychiatrique, Epidémiologie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Violence, Environnement social, Milieu familial, Japon, Asie, Abus

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organic solvent, Inhalation, Toxicity, Social behavior disorder, Mental disorder, Epidemiology, Young adult, Human, Violence, Social environment, Family environment, Japan, Asia, Abuse

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0274285

    Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 27/11/1998.