Studies show that community development approaches to health education may lead not only to improved social, economic, and health status but also to increased individual participation in health education and preventive health care activities.
However, because of categorical funding restraints and philosophical issues, local health departments have rarely given control of defining project outcomes to the community.
One such project was in a low-income urban neighborhood in the San Francisco Bay Area.
In this Healthy Neighborhoods Project, the health department catalyzed community development and organization in a multiethnic public housing complex.
As a result, an empowered community successfully advocated to improve public safety by installing street speed humps and increased street lighting.
After project completion, residents initiated several additional health actions, including the removal of a neighborhood tobacco billboard.
This article describes the project, which may serve as a model for other urban public health programs to explore their role in community empowerment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé communautaire, Participation sociale, Santé, Programme sanitaire, Quartier voisinage, Homme, Prévention, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Community health, Social participation, Health, Sanitary program, Neighbourhood, Human, Prevention, California, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0273070
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 27/11/1998.