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  1. Exploring'means to an end'The application of Bagozzi's theory to riskier single-occasion drinking.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    This is a preliminary study of the applicability ofBagozzi's goal-directed theory (1992) to single-occasion drinking.

    The hypothesis tested is that intentions to drink at lower limits are enacted when one appraises high levels of self-efficacy, instrumental beliefs, and affect regarding the instrumental acts needed for goal achievement.

    Design

    The study was based on a self-reported questionnaire measured at two time intervals.

    At Time 1, measures of past single-occasion drinking were collected along with self-reactions and judgments about various strategies for refusing a drink and perceived likelihood of moderating drinking.

    Two weeks later measures of drinking behaviour were taken.

    Methods

    The study included 158 undergraduate riskier single-occasion drinkers.

    They were supplied with information about the health risks associated with moderate single-occasion drinking.

    The outcome measure was riskier single-occasion drinking at follow-up.

    Results

    High levels of self-efficacy, instrumental beliefs and affect coupled with high intentions to drink at safer limits did not predict single-occasion drinking frequency at follow-up.

    Past drinking was the only significant predictor of riskier single-occasion drinking at follow-up.

    However, following the process of appraising different strategies for refusing a drink participants reported lower levels of drinking at follow-up.

    Conclusions

    (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Croyance, Attitude, Efficacité personnelle, Prise risque, Santé mentale, Cognition sociale, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Belief, Attitude, Self efficacy, Risk taking, Mental health, Social cognition, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0272970

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 27/11/1998.