This is a preliminary study of the applicability ofBagozzi's goal-directed theory (1992) to single-occasion drinking.
The hypothesis tested is that intentions to drink at lower limits are enacted when one appraises high levels of self-efficacy, instrumental beliefs, and affect regarding the instrumental acts needed for goal achievement.
The study was based on a self-reported questionnaire measured at two time intervals.
At Time 1, measures of past single-occasion drinking were collected along with self-reactions and judgments about various strategies for refusing a drink and perceived likelihood of moderating drinking.
Two weeks later measures of drinking behaviour were taken.
The study included 158 undergraduate riskier single-occasion drinkers.
They were supplied with information about the health risks associated with moderate single-occasion drinking.
The outcome measure was riskier single-occasion drinking at follow-up.
High levels of self-efficacy, instrumental beliefs and affect coupled with high intentions to drink at safer limits did not predict single-occasion drinking frequency at follow-up.
Past drinking was the only significant predictor of riskier single-occasion drinking at follow-up.
However, following the process of appraising different strategies for refusing a drink participants reported lower levels of drinking at follow-up.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Croyance, Attitude, Efficacité personnelle, Prise risque, Santé mentale, Cognition sociale, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Belief, Attitude, Self efficacy, Risk taking, Mental health, Social cognition, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0272970
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 27/11/1998.