To determine the patterns of drug use in Estonia for the years 1989 and 1994-1995, i.e. for the years before and after the pharmaceutical services in the country changed from a state monopoly to a competitive market.
The wholesale data from Estonia and the defined daily doses methodology were used.
For comparison, national statistics on medicines from Finland and Sweden for the years 1994-1995 are shown.
The general sales of drugs in Estonia decreased almost twofold in all major pharmacological groups from 1989 to 1994 and subsequently increased by 10% - 30% in 1995.
Substantial differences in patterns of drug use between Estonia and the two Nordic countries were observed.
The amount of prescription-only medicines used in Estonia was approximately 25% of that used in Finland and Sweden.
The amount of over-the-counter drugs used was 61% of that used in Finland and 58% of that used in Sweden. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médicament, Utilisation, Estonie, Europe Est, Europe, Evolution, Etude comparative, Finlande, Suède, Epidémiologie, Etude longitudinale, Système économique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug, Use, Estonia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Evolution, Comparative study, Finland, Sweden, Epidemiology, Follow up study, Economic system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0268042
Code Inist : 002B02A07. Création : 11/09/1998.