Why review articles on the health effects of passive smoking reach different conclusions.
Objectlve. - To determine whether the conclusions of review articles on the health effects of passive smoking are associated with article quality, the affiliations of their authors, or other article characteristics.
- Review articles published from 1980 to 1995 were identified through electronic searches of MEDLINE and EMBASE and from a database of symposium proceedings on passive smoking.
- An article was included if its stated or implied purpose was to review the scientific evidence that passive smoking is associated with 1 or more health outcomes.
Articles were excluded if they did not focus specifically on the health effects of passive smoking or if they were not written in English.
- Review article quality was evaluated by 2 independent assessors who were trained, followed a written protocol, had no disclosed conflicts of interest, and were blinded to all study hypotheses and identifying characteristics of articles.
Article conclusions were categorized by the 2 assessors and by one of the authors.
Author affiliation was classified as either tobacco industry affiliated or not, based on whether the authors were known to have received funding from or participated in activities sponsored by the tobacco industry.
Other article characteristics were classified by one of the authors using predefined criteria Data Synthesis. - A total of 106 reviews were identified. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme passif, Article synthèse, Revue bibliographique, Industrie tabac, Affiliation, Auteur, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Passive smoking, Review, Bibliographic review, Tobacco industry, Affiliation, Author, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0267585
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 11/09/1998.