The aim of this study is to compare the frequency of certain putative risk factors for youth suicide in New South Wales (especially use of alcohol, social class, unemployment, and internal migration) in metropolitan and rural settings.
A review of 137 files for 10-19-year-old subjects judged by the Coroner to have committed suicide in 1988-1990 was carried out.
One hundred and fifteen males and 21 females were identified (one subject's sex was unavailable).
The male-female ratio was higher in rural (13.0) areas than non-rural (4.9 ; X2=12.14, p<0.01).
Of 27 subjects migrating within Australia, most migrated in a rural direction, and most to rural shires.
Unemployment was somewhat more common among rural (38.5%) than non-rural (28.9%) subjects (X2=0.75, p=0.39).
Eleven of 50 non-rural parents of the deceased, but none of the 11 rural parents, were ranked as being in social classes 2 or 3. Alcohol consumption appeared more common in rural shires (44%) than metropolitan areas (32.9%), but this was not statistically significant.
Medical services were less utilised prior to death in rural (15%) than non-rural (25%) areas (X2=1.69, p=0.19), and a psychiatric diagnosis was recorded more commonly in non-rural areas.
Incomplete coronial file data and relatively small numbers limit this study's conclusions.
Male suicides, principally by firearms, predominated in rural areas. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Facteur risque, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Environnement social, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Nouvelle Galles du Sud, Australie, Océanie, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Risk factor, Rural environment, Urban environment, Social environment, Epidemiology, Mental health, New South Wales, Australia, Oceania, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0266754
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 11/09/1998.