Data on single and multiple addiction-risk behaviours and suicidal behaviour were obtained from a large sample of Dutch secondary school students aged 16 to 19 years.
Although the prevalence of hard drugs was the lowest of all addiction-risk behaviours, there was a markedly high report of suicidal behaviours in youngsters who used these drugs : one out of each five boys and one out of each three girls.
The most « suicidal » combination of two addiction-risk behaviours reported by girls was that of sedatives and hard drugs : more than half of the girls who reported both these behaviours also reported a suicide attempt.
In boys, 27% of those who reported sedatives and cigarettes also reported a suicide attempt.
The number of addiction-risk behaviours reported by the adolescents showed an almost linear increasing relation with the percentage of suicide attempters.
The results suggest that suicidal behaviour and addiction-risk behaviours both should be regarded as part of a complex interaction of multiple behavioural problems.
Prevention programmes and intervention strategies should focus on multiple rather than single targets, and screening procedures to detect adolescents at-risk for suicidal behaviour should focus on patterns of multiple risk factors rather than on single behaviours.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Tabac, Association morbide, Tentative suicide, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Sexe, Pays Bas, Europe, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Tobacco, Concomitant disease, Suicide attempt, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Sex, Netherlands, Europe, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0266155
Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 11/09/1998.