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  1. Reasoned action and social reaction : Willingness and intention as independent predictors of health risk.

    Article - En anglais

    Three studies are described that assess elements of a new model of adolescent health-risk behavior, the prototype/willingness (P/W) model (F. X. Gibbons & M. Gerrard, 1995,1997).

    The 1st analysis examined whether a central element of the prototype model, behavioral willingness, adds significantly to behavioral expectation in predicting adolescents'smoking behavior.

    The 2nd set of analyses used structural-equation-modeling procedures to provide the 1st test of the complete model in predicting college students'pregnancy-risk behavior.

    Finally, the 3rd study used confirmatory factor analysis to assess the independence of elements of the model from similar elements in other health behavior models.

    Results of the 3 studies provided support for the prototype model and, in particular, for 2 of its primary contentions : (a) that much adolescent health-risk behavior is not planned and (b) that willingness and intention are related but independent constructs, each of which can be an antecedent to risk behavior.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement social, Prise risque, Santé mentale, Prédiction, Tabagisme, Gestation, Modèle, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social behavior, Risk taking, Mental health, Prediction, Tobacco smoking, Pregnancy, Models, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0265599

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 11/09/1998.