Reasoned action and social reaction : Willingness and intention as independent predictors of health risk.
Three studies are described that assess elements of a new model of adolescent health-risk behavior, the prototype/willingness (P/W) model (F. X. Gibbons & M. Gerrard, 1995,1997).
The 1st analysis examined whether a central element of the prototype model, behavioral willingness, adds significantly to behavioral expectation in predicting adolescents'smoking behavior.
The 2nd set of analyses used structural-equation-modeling procedures to provide the 1st test of the complete model in predicting college students'pregnancy-risk behavior.
Finally, the 3rd study used confirmatory factor analysis to assess the independence of elements of the model from similar elements in other health behavior models.
Results of the 3 studies provided support for the prototype model and, in particular, for 2 of its primary contentions : (a) that much adolescent health-risk behavior is not planned and (b) that willingness and intention are related but independent constructs, each of which can be an antecedent to risk behavior.
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement social, Prise risque, Santé mentale, Prédiction, Tabagisme, Gestation, Modèle, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social behavior, Risk taking, Mental health, Prediction, Tobacco smoking, Pregnancy, Models, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0265599
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 11/09/1998.