Hypercholesterolemia and susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases among white and blue collars in Jeddah.
There is a belief that occupation is among the risk factors responsible for cardiovascular diseases.
The objectives of this study were to (I) compare the life style, degree of stress, diet and blood lipid profile between white and blue collar workers ; (2) assess the impact of occupation and identify the main risk factors responsible for hypercholesterolemia ; (3) calculate the risk of development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) over 5-years.
All workers in two diaper and detergent manufacturing companies in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia were included in the study.
Data was collected by a structured questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory investigation of all workers.
White collar workers showed significantly higher mean age, working duration and about double income per person than blue collar workers.
The life style of both groups did not differ except in physical activity as white collar workers lived a more active life.
The mean number of cigarettes/day, smoking duration, nutritional status, systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not differ between both groups.
Both groups showed nearly similar diet pattern.
However, white collar workers showed more tendency for fat consumption.
Also, the blood lipid profile was nearly similar for the white and blue collar workers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypercholestérolémie, Facteur risque, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Milieu professionnel, Stress, Régime alimentaire, Etude cas, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Lipide, Métabolisme pathologie, Dyslipémie, Hyperlipoprotéinémie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypercholesterolemia, Risk factor, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Occupational environment, Stress, Diet, Case study, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Lipids, Metabolic diseases, Dyslipemia, Hyperlipoproteinemia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0264985
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 11/09/1998.