Objectives-To determine the mortality from non-respiratory cancers by work area among active and retired male workers of the German rubber industry.
Methods-A cohort of 11 633 male German workers was followed up for mortality from 1 January 1981 to 31 December 1991.
Cohort members were active (n=7536) or retired (n=4127) on 1 January 1981 and had been employed for at least one year in one of five study plants producing tyres or technical rubber goods.
Work histories were reconstructed from routinely documented « cost centre codes » and classified into six categories :
I preparation of materials ;
II production of technical rubber goods ;
III production of tyres ;
IV storage and dispatch ;
V general service ;
Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), controlling for age and calendar year and stratified by work area (employment in respective work area for at least one year) and time related variables (year of hire, lagged years of employment in work area) were calculated from national mortality rates as the reference.
Significant increases in mortality were found for pharyngeal cancer in work area IV (three deaths, SMR 486,95% CI 101 to 1419), oesophageal cancer in work area III (11 deaths, SMR 227,95% CI 114 to 407), and leukaemia in work areas I (11 deaths, SMR 216 ; 95% CI 108 to 387) and II (14 deaths, SMR 187 ; 95% CI 102 to 213). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Milieu professionnel, Facteur risque, Carcinogène, Activité professionnelle, Médecine travail, Etude cohorte, Allemagne, Europe, Industrie caoutchouc
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mortality, Epidemiology, Human, Occupational exposure, Occupational environment, Risk factor, Carcinogen, Professional activity, Occupational medicine, Cohort study, Germany, Europe, Rubber industry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0263529
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 11/09/1998.