Context. - Mass gatherings like the 1996 Olympic Games require medical services for large populations assembled under unusual circumstances.
- To examine delivery of medical services and to provide data for planning future events.
Deslgn. - Observational cohort study, with review of medical records at Olympics medical facilities.
- One large multipurpose clinic and 128 medical aid stations operating at Olympics-sponsored sites in the vicinity of Atlanta, Ga.
- A total of 10 715 patients, including 1804 athletes, 890 officials, 480 Olympic dignitaries, 3280 volunteers, 3482 spectators, and 779 others who received medical care from a physician at an Olympic medical station.
- Number of injuries and cases of heat-related illness among participant categories, medical use rates among participants with official Games credentials, and use rates per 10 000 persons attending athletic competitions.
- Injuries, accounting for 35% of all medical visits, were more common among athletes (51.9% of their visits, P<. 001) than among other groups.
Injuries accounted for 31.4% of all other groups combined.
Spectators and volunteers accounted for most (88.9%, P<. 001) of the 1059 visits for heat-related illness.
The rates for number of medical encounters treated by a physician were highest for athletes (16.2 per 100 persons, P<. 001) and lowest for volunteers (2.0 per 100).
Overall physician treatment rate was 4. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Soin, Installation olympique, Sport, Organisation santé, Evaluation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Soins médicaux, Jeux olympiques
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Care, Olympic facility, Sport, Public health organization, Evaluation, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0261576
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 11/09/1998.