Aggressors or victims : Gender and race in music video violence.
To examine portrayals of violence in popular music videos for patterns of aggression and victimization by gender and race.
Design and Setting
Content analysis of 518 music videos broadcast over national music television networks, Black Entertainment Television (BET), Country Music Television (CMT), Music Television (MTV), and Video Hits-1 (VH-1) during a 4-week period at randomly selected times of high adolescent viewership.
Main Outcome Measures
Differences in the genders and races portrayed as aggressors and victims in acts of violence.
Seventy-six (14.7%) of the analyzed music videos contained portrayals of individuals engaging in overt interpersonal violence, with a mean of 6.1 violent acts per violence-containing video.
Among the 462 acts of violence, the music video's main character was clearly the aggressor in 80.1% and the victim in 17.7%. In 391 (84.6%) of the violence portrayals, the gender of the aggressor or victim could be determined.
Male gender was significantly associated with aggression ; aggressors were 78.1% male, whereas victims were 46.3% female.
This relationship was influenced by race.
Among whites, 72.0% of the aggressors were male and 78.3% of the victims were female.
Although blacks represent 12% of the United States population, they were aggressors in 25.0% and victims in 41.0% of music video violence.
Controlling for gender, racial differences were significant among males ; 29.0% of aggressors and 75. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Corrélation, Randomisation, Musique, Technique vidéo, Ethnie, Identité sexuelle, Etiologie, Etude comparative, Evaluation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Psychopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Correlation, Randomization, Music, Video technique, Ethnic group, Gender identity, Etiology, Comparative study, Evaluation, Human, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Psychopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0261327
Code Inist : 002B18H08. Création : 11/09/1998.