Annual Meeting of the American Pediatric Surgical Association. Naples, FL, USA, 1997/05/18.
Although clinical bioethics teaching (CBT) is not a required component of the essential curriculum for pediatric surgery residency, ethical considerations often accompany surgical decision making for infants and children.
This study was designed to quantitate CBT during pediatric surgery residency (PSR) and to determine preferences about formal bioethics instruction.
An 80-item questionnaire was mailed to 140 graduates of accredited PSR in the United States and Canada.
Questions included demographic data, experience in CBT during and after PSR, preferred topics and teaching methods, and self-assessed and objective competency in bioethics.
The response rate was 78% (n=109) ; 72% completed PSR between 1990 and 1995 (mean, 1991).
Formal CBT within the curriculum of PSR was reported by 9% of respondents ; lecture and consultation with an ethicist were the most frequent teaching methods.
Informal CBT was noted by 88% of pediatric surgeons ; observation of patient cases with ethical dilemmas was the primary mode of instruction.
Quality of life, withholding/Withdrawal of care, informed consent, child abuse, and economics ranked highest for most important CBT topics, while euthanasia, clinical research trials, and cultural diversity were given low priority.
The preferred teaching methods were case-based discussions and consultation with an ethicist. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie, Pédiatrie, Interne(étudiant), Ethique, Biologie, Enquête, Enseignement, Enfant, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surgery, Pediatrics, Resident(student), Ethics, Biology, Survey, Teaching, Child, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0261029
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 11/09/1998.