A questionnaire survey of sleep and night-time behaviour in a community-based sample of adults with intellectual disability.
Two hundred and five people with intellectual disability, aged 18 years or over, and living in health-or social-services-managed community housing, completed sleep and behaviour questionnaires.
An 85.7% return rate was achieved.
Settling problems were present in 26.8% and night waking in 55.6% of the subjects.
Parasomnias were present in 14% of subjects and 15% of the sample showed some features associated with sleep-related breathing problems.
Factors associated with sleep-related problems included gender, aetiology of intellectual disability, epilepsy, treatment with antiepileptic medication, evening caffeine consumption, nocturnal urinary incontinence and ability to communicate.
Significant sleep-related problems were demonstrated in this population ; some of these problems might be avoided by simple measures.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Association morbide, Trouble sommeil, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement, Système nerveux pathologie, Trouble neurologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Concomitant disease, Sleep disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder, Nervous system diseases, Neurological disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0258608
Code Inist : 002B18C12. Création : 11/09/1998.