National hospital study of road accident casualties.
The Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions aims to reduce the number of road accidents by a third of the 1981-85 average by the year 2000.
To achieve this aim more detailed information on the numbers and types of accidents occurring is required so that resources can be directed most effectively.
Some safety measures are expected to reduce severity rather than avoid injury altogether.
Currently, the only national information on road accidents and casualties is that collected by the police and recorded in the Statsl9 database, but it is recognised that many injury accidents are not reported to the police and are therefore excluded from national statistics.
Also, the injury severity of casualties is categorised into three levels within Stats19 ; fatal, serious and slight and so changes in injury severity may be difficult to detect.
Hospital studies can provide more detailed information on both reported and non-reported accidents, and can provide more detailed information on injury severity, to enhance our knowledge of the types and numbers of accidents occurring.
Previous hospital based studies have been regionally based or concerned with sub-groups of patients, such as inpatients, so a research project was set up to collect information on all road accident casualties attending the Accident and Emergency Departments of a sample of hospitals across Britain over a three year period from 1993 to 1995. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trafic routier, Accident circulation, Recherche information, Collecte donnée, Typologie, Morbidité, Blessure, Cause, Analyse statistique, Distribution, Type véhicule, Utilisateur, Indice gravité, Age, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Road traffic, Traffic accident, Information retrieval, Data gathering, Typology, Morbidity, Injury, Cause, Statistical analysis, Distribution, Vehicle type, User, Severity score, Age, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0253929
Code Inist : 001D15C. Création : 11/09/1998.