Background This paper describes morbidity differences according to occupational class among ten from France, Switzerland, (West) Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Denmark, and Sweden.
Methods Data were obtained from national health interview surveys or similar surveys between 1986 and 1992.
Four morbidity indicators were included.
For each country, individual-level data on occupation were recoded according to one standard occupational class scheme : the Erikson-Goldthorpe social class scheme.
To describe the pattern of morbidity by occupational class, odds ratios (OR) were calculated for each class using the average of the population as a reference.
The size of morbidity differences was summarized by the OR of two broad hierarchical classes.
All OR were age-adjusted.
Results For all countries, a lower than average prevalence of morbidity was found for higher and lower administrators and professionals as well as for routine non-manual workers, whereas a higher than average prevalence was found for skilled and unskilled manual workers and agricultural workers.
Self-employed ten were in general healthier than the average population The relative health of farmers differed between countries.
The morbidity difference between manual workers and the class of administrators and professionals was approximately equally large in all countries. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Morbidité, Autoperception, Statut socioéconomique, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle, Classe sociale, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Statistique descriptive, Homme, Europe, Etude comparative, International, Perception sociale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Morbidity, Self perception, Socioeconomic status, Socioeconomic category, Social class, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Descriptive statistics, Human, Europe, Comparative study, International, Social perception
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0251663
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.