Background The Forty-Ninth World Health Assembly recently declared violence a worldwide public health problem.
Improved understanding of cross-national differences is useful for identifying risk factors and may facilitate prevention efforts.
Few cross-national studies, however, have explored firearm-related deaths.
We compared the incidence of firearm-related deaths among 36 countries.
Methods Health officials in high-income (HI) and upper-middle-income countries (UMI) with populations greater than one million were asked to provide data using ICD-9 codes on firearm-related homicides, suicides, unintentional deaths and deaths of undetermined intent, as well as homicides and suicides for all methods combined.
Thirty-six (78%) of the 46 countries provided complete data.
We compared age-adjusted rates per 100 000 for each country and pooled rates by income group and geographical location.
Results During the one-year study period, 88 649 firearm deaths were reported Overall firearm mortality rates are five to six times higher in HI and UMI countries in the Americas (12.72) than in Europe (2.17), or Oceania (2.57) and 95 times higher than in Asia (0.13).
The rate of firearm deaths in the United States (14.24 per 100 000) exceeds that of its economic counterparts (1.76) eightfold and that of UMI countries (9.69) by a factor of 1.5. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mort, Arme à feu, Violence, Meurtre, Suicide, Mortalité, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Taux, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Pays industrialisé, International, Victimologie, Variation géographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Death, Fire arm, Violence, Murder, Suicide, Mortality, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Rate, Human, United States, North America, America, Industrialized country, International, Victimology, Geographical variation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0251662
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.