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  1. End-stage renal disease projections for Canada to 2005 using Poisson and Markov models.

    Article - En anglais

    Background End-stage renal disease (ESRD) incidence and prevalence are increasing in many countries worldwide.

    Due to the high cost of therapy, predicting future numbers of patients requiring dialysis and transplantation is necessary for health care planners.

    Projecting therapy-specific chronic disease prevalence is inherently problematic, and examples of suitable models and their application are sparse.

    When applied, rarely was the adequacy of such models evaluated.

    Methods We describe and illustrate a method for projecting therapy-specific ESRD prevalence in Canada for 1995-2005 using data obtained from the Canadian Organ Replacement Register.

    The projections combine the Poisson model for incidence rates and a Markov model for patient follow-up.

    Model adequacy is empirically validated by data-splitting.

    Results Large increases in ESRD prevalence are expected in Canada, with an average annual increase of 6.9% projected for 1995-2005.

    Upon validation, the projection model based on 1981-1987 data was able to predict 1994 prevalence within 1%, while projected therapy-specific prevalences closely approximated those observed.

    Conclusions Therapy-specific ESRD prevalence was successfully projected using Poisson and Markov models.

    Where multistate prevalence forecasts are required, the method could be augmented for application to various other chronic diseases.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Insuffisance rénale, Stade terminal, Modèle prévision, Modèle mathématique, Analyse statistique, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Prévalence, Méthodologie, Homme, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Renal failure, Terminal stage, Forecast model, Mathematical model, Statistical analysis, Epidemiology, Incidence, Prevalence, Methodology, Human, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0251616

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 11/09/1998.