Background In a number of studies prolonged breastfeeding was associated with a higher risk of undernutrition, although most of these studies are limited by their cross-sectional design which does not allow examination of temporal relationships between full weaning and undernutrition.
Methods The relationship between prolonged breastfeeding and child growth was examined prospectively among children under 36 months old who participated in a large cohort study.
At baseline and at each of three 6-monthly follow-up visits breastfeeding status was assessed and all subjects were weighed and measured.
Results Undernourished children were more likely to be breastfed for a longer period of time compared with normal children.
We found a small difference between breastfed and fully weaned children in the gain in height over the following 6-month period ; however, breastfed children were likely to gain significantly less weight, particularly among children who were aged 6-12 months.
Similar findings were noted when these associations were examined among children who were normally nourished at the time of breastfeeding assessment.
The inverse association between breastfeeding status and weight gain was significantly larger among children of poor or illiterate mothers compared with children of relatively more affluent or literate mothers, respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Prolongé, Régime alimentaire, Consommation alimentaire, Déficit, Taille corporelle, Poids corporel, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Soudan, Afrique, Etude longitudinale, Alimentation, Biométrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Prolonged, Diet, Food intake, Deficiency, Body size, Body weight, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Sudan, Africa, Follow up study, Feeding, Biometrics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0251614
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 11/09/1998.