The purpose of this study was to provide estimates of the cumulative incidence of initiation of smokeless tobacco use in a cohort of young persons and to explore sociodemographic, environmental, behavioral, and personal predictors of experimentation with and regular use of snuff or chewing tobacco.
The data for this cohort study were derived from the 1989 Teenage Attitutdes and Practices Survey and its 1993 follow-up.
The study included 7830 young people 11 through 19 years of age at baselin.
During the 4 years, 12.7% of participants (20.9% of male participants) first tried smokeless, tobacco, and 4.0% (8.0% of male participants) became self-classified regular users.
This suggests that, each year, approximately 824 000 young people in the United States 11 to 19 years of age experiment with smokeless tobacco and about 304 000 become regular users.
Cumulative incidence was highest for male non-Hispanic Whites.
Predictors of regular use included age, geographic region, cigarette smoking, participation in organized sports, and perceived friends'approval or indifference.
Public Health approaches to preventing use of smokeless tobacco should include development of skills for responding to pressures to use tobacco.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabac sans fumée, Consommation, Attitude, Comportement, Prédicteur, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Adolescent, Homme, Etude cohorte, Toxicité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Smokeless tobacco, Consumption, Attitude, Behavior, Predictor, Epidemiology, Incidence, Adolescent, Human, Cohort study, Toxicity, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0251608
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 11/09/1998.