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  1. Fulltext. Fetal alcohol syndrome in Alaska, 1977 through 1992 : An administrative prevalence derived from multiple data sources.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    The prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome cases and the usefulness of various data sources in surveillance were examined in Alaska to guide prevention and future surveillance efforts.

    Methods

    Sixteen data sources in Alaska were used to identify children with fetal alcohol syndrome.

    Medical charts were reviewed to verify cases, and records were reviewed to provide descriptive data.

    Results

    Fetal alcohol syndrome rates varied markedly by birth year and race, with the highest prevalence (4.1 per 1000 live births) found among Alaska Natives born between 1985 and 1988.

    Screening and referral programs to diagnostic clinics identified 70% of all recorded cases.

    The intervention program for children 0 to 3 years of age detected 29% of age-appropriate cases, and Medicaid data identified 11% of all cases ; birth certificates detected only 9% of the age-appropriate cases.

    Conclusions

    Our findings indicate a high prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in Alaska and illustrate that reliance on any one data source would lead to underestimates of the extent of fetal alcohol syndrome in a population.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Syndrome alcoolique foetal, Epidémiologie, Alaska, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévalence, Surveillance sanitaire, Nouveau né, Homme, Source information, Amérindien, Américain, Prévention, Ethanol, Nouveau né pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fetal alcohol syndrome, Epidemiology, Alaska, United States, North America, America, Prevalence, Sanitary surveillance, Newborn, Human, Information source, Amerindian, American, Prevention, Ethanol, Newborn diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0248956

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 11/09/1998.