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  1. Fulltext. Decrease in infant mortality in New York City after 1989.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study identified factors contributing to the rapid decline in infant mortality in New York City from 1989 to 1992.

    Methods

    Changes in birthweight distributions and in birthweight/age-cause-and birthweight/age/cause-specific mortality rates from 1988/89 (before the mortality reduction) to 1990/91 were identified from New York City vital statistics data.

    Results

    Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality of very-low-birthweight (<1500 g) and normal-birthweight infants decreased significantly.

    The declines were almost entirely due to decreases in birthweight-specific mortality rates, rather than increased birthweights.

    All races experienced most of these reductions.

    Mortality decreased significantly for 6 causes of death.

    These decreases were consistent with the birthweight/age groups experiencing mortality declines.

    Conclusions

    Widespread, multiple perinatal and postnatal factors contributed to the decline in infant mortality.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Nourrisson, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Tendance, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Race, Poids naissance, Cause

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Infant, Human, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Trend, New York, United States, North America, America, Race, Birth weight, Cause

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0247904

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.