Psychological distress and burnout among buddies : demographic, situational and motivational factors.
Work-related psychological distress (burnout) is a probable cause of drop-out among emotional support volunteers (buddies) who work with people living with AIDS.
In addition to the emotional suffering and disruption to both the buddy and the buddied, burnout has significant cost implications for voluntary organizations in terms of training and recruitment.
The aim of this study was to identify the demographic, situational and motivational factors associated with burnout among buddies with the intention of identifying individuals at risk at the recruitment stage.
A cross-sectional single cohort postal questionnaire study design was used.
All buddies registered with the Terrence Higgins Trust, a non-profit making organization set up in the UK to provide education about HIV/AIDS and care for people affected by the virus, were invited to participate.
Psychological morbidity was measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, burnout with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and motivation was assessed using the Calvert Motivation Checklist.
Information on the buddy relationship and the demographic details of each buddy was also collected.
Of 586 questionnaires distributed, 324 (55%) were returned.
More than 24% of buddies were classified as probable cases of burnout on one or more of the MBI scales but this is lower than has been reported in medical and nursing staff working with people living with AIDS. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epuisement professionnel, Stress, Facteur risque, Personnel sanitaire, Volontariat, Support social, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational burnout, Stress, Risk factor, Health staff, Volunteering, Social support, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0247863
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 11/09/1998.