Knowledge, attitudes, and practices on hypertension in a country in epidemiological transition.
Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) is a crucial element of hypertension control, but little information is available from developing countries where hypertension has lately been recognized as a major health problem.
Therefore, we examined KAP on hypertension in a random sample of 1067 adults aged 25 to 64 years from the Seychelles Islands (Indian Ocean).
KAP were assessed from an administered structured questionnaire.
The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension (screening blood pressure [BP] =160/95 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medication) was 36% in men and 25% in women aged 25 to 64 years.
Among hypertensive persons, 50% were aware of the condition, 34% were treated, and 10% had controlled BP (ie, BP<160/95 mm Hg).
Most persons, whether nonhypertensive, unaware hypertensive, or aware hypertensive, had good basic knowledge related to hypertension determinants and consequences, possibly an effect of a nationwide cardiovascular disease prevention program over the last years.
However, favorable outcome expectation, positive attitudes, and appropriate practices for hypertension and relevant healthy lifestyles were found in smaller proportions of participants, with little difference between aware hypertensives, unaware hypertensives, and nonhypertensives. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Connaissance, Attitude, Pratique professionnelle, Seychelles, Iles Océan Indien, Information public, Changement comportement, Homme, Exploration, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Knowledge, Attitude, Professional practice, Seychelles, Indian Ocean Islands, Public information, Behavior change, Human, Exploration, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0247624
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 11/09/1998.