The preparticipation Physical examination : Mayo Clinic experience with 2,739 examinations.
To report the results of preparticipation physical examination (PPE) performed on 2,739 high school athletes and present a model for providing PPEs in similar practice settings.
We analyzed 2,739 PPEs performed on high school athletes by means of a station examination approach in our Sports Medicine'Center during a 3-year period.
Material and Methods
Personnel from the Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedics, Family Medicine, and Internal Medicine participated in performance of a comprehensive station-based physical examination of high school athletes.
The final reviewing physician assigned one of three dispositions to each athlete : cleared for participation in sports, not cleared, or cleared with follow-up recommended.
On the basis of PPE findings, 53 athletes (1.9%) were disqualified from participation in sports.
Abnormalities that did not preclude participation but necessitated follow-up were identified in another 327 athletes (11.9%). Musculoskeletal problems were the leading cause of restriction from sports activities (43.4%) and the second leading cause for recommended follow-up (27.8%). Clinically significant cardiac abnormalities were noted in only 10 athletes (0.37% of the overall group of students).
Our methods and results are discussed in relationship to previous PPE studies. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Athlétisme, Exploration clinique, Aptitude compétition, Prédisposition, Stratégie, Evaluation, Critère performance, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Athletics, Clinical investigation, Competitive ability, Predisposition, Strategy, Evaluation, Performance requirement, Review, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0247622
Code Inist : 002A24. Création : 11/09/1998.