The treatment of Crohn's disease has changed owing to the recognition of its chronicity.
Medical maintenance treatment and limited resections have evolved as major concepts of management, regarded as complementary, and both aim at reducing the symptoms.
We investigated the symptomatic load in Crohn's disease as reflected in a cross-sectional study of the symptom index, physicians'assessment, and the patients'perception of health.
A cohort of 212 patients from the primary catchment area and 125 referred patients were studied.
Of catchment area patients, 83% were receiving medication, and the annual rate of abdominal surgery was 5.7%. Corresponding figures for the referred patients were 82% and 10.3%. According to the symptom index, 87% of catchment area patients were in remission or had only mild symptoms ; according to the physicians'assessment, 90% were.
The patients'median perception of health was 90% of perfect health according to the visual analogue scale.
The figures were similar for referred patients, except that referrals were considered more diseased by the physician.
The great majority of patients with Crohn's disease are able to live in remission or experience only mild symptoms.
Mots-clés Pascal : Entérite Crohn, Traitement associé, Résection chirurgicale, Chimiothérapie, Rémission, Diminution, Symptomatologie, Qualité vie, Etude statistique, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Maladie inflammatoire, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Crohn disease, Combined treatment, Surgical resection, Chemotherapy, Remission, Decrease, Symptomatology, Quality of life, Statistical study, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Inflammatory disease, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0247556
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 11/09/1998.