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  1. Baseball and beer : An analysis of alcohol consumption patterns among male spectators at major-league sporting events.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective 

    Examination of alcohol consumption patterns of male spectators at two major-league baseball stadiums.


    A prospective observational study was conducted at two stadiums over the course of three games at each venue.

    We approached 1,084 male spectators of drinking age in a consecutive fashion at two junctures : at the entrance gate and during the fifth inning inside the stadium's concourse.

    Of those approached, 747 (68.9%) participated.

    After verbal consent, participants completed a questionnaire and blew into a breath analyzer.

    The results were blinded and later analyzed.


    Forty-one percent of all participants tested positive for alcohol.

    The highest consumption occurred in the 20-to 35-year-old age group.

    In this age group, 50.8% had consumed some alcohol, and 10.8% had a blood alcohol level of. 08% (intoxicated) or higher.

    Almost 5% of all participants tested during the fifth inning collection were intoxicated and claimed to be driving.


    Of the spectators tested, those in the 20-to 35-year-old age group were most likely to have consumed alcohol and to be legally intoxicated.

    A disturbing number of spectators who had blood alcohol levels of. 08% or higher late in the game claimed to be driving home.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation alimentaire, Alcool, Bière, Baseball, Age, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Fréquence, Epidémiologie, Mâle, Homme, Evénement sportif, Spectateur

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Food intake, Alcohol, Beer, Baseball, Age, United States, North America, America, Frequency, Epidemiology, Male, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0247376

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 11/09/1998.