A historical review of mental health services in Hong Kong (1841 to 1995).
This paper is a historical review of mental health services in Hong Kong.
The development of mental health services in Hong Kong can be roughly divided into several stages : the pre-asylum period (1841 - 1924), the asylum period (1925-1948), the organization period (1948-1965), the initial rehabilitation period (1966-1973), the centralized rehabilitation period (1974-1981) and the civic control vs community care period (1982-1995).
From the development of mental health services in Hong Kong, it is clearly demonstrated that the aims and the trends of mental health services had gradually progressed from a detention model, to a treatment model and finally to a rehabilitation model.
Nevertheless, under a shortage of governmental resources and the severe opposition of public stigmatization, community based rehabilitation existed in the form of institution-like service units.
In comparison with the international de-institutionalization and community care movement, mental health services in Hong Kong are not affected by any de-institutionalization movement.
Instead, the unique political and social context nurtured a parallel development of both institutional care and community care for mental patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Service santé, Santé mentale, Organisation santé, Politique sanitaire, Historique, Hong Kong, Chine, Asie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health service, Mental health, Public health organization, Health policy, Case history, Hong Kong, China, Asia, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0247035
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 11/09/1998.