To evaluate the impact of a programme of integrated social and medical care among frail elderly people living in the community.
Randomised study with I year follow up.
Town in northern Italy (Rovereto).
200 older people already receiving conventional community care services.
Random allocation to an intervention group receiving integrated social and medical care and case management or to a control group receiving conventional care.
Admission to an institution, use and costs of health services, variations in functional status.
Survival analysis showed that admission to hospital or nursing home in the intervention group occurred later and was less common than in controls (hazard ratio 0.69 ; 95% confidence interval 0.53 to 0.91).
Health services were used to the same extent, but control subjects received more frequent home visits by general practitioners In the intervention group the estimated financial savings were in the order of £ 1125 ($ 1800) per year of follow up.
The intervention group had improved physical function (activities of daily living score improved by 5.1% v 13.0% loss in controls ; P<0.001).
Decline of cognitive status (measured by the short portable mental status questionnaire) was also reduced (3.8% v 9.4% ; P<0.05). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Soin intégré, Système santé, Evaluation performance, Hospitalisation, Analyse avantage coût, Performance physique, Cognition, Evolution, Italie, Europe, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Managed care, Health system, Performance evaluation, Hospitalization, Cost benefit analysis, Physical performance, Cognition, Evolution, Italy, Europe, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0246963
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 11/09/1998.