Co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV in high risk clinical care settings in Rhode Island.
We assessed the extent to which co-infection with HIV and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) was diagnosed at several high risk clinical care sites from 1992 to 1994 to determine whether surveillance for co-infection was performed.
Information on PPD skin testing, HIV status, and HIV risk exposures was extracted from records at HIV clinics in Rhode Island and a large database (HIV sites) and from records at the state TB clinic and the Rhode Island Health Department (TB sites).
At the HIV sites, 34 of 1,408 HIV infected subjects were newly diagnosed with Mtb infection in the study period.
At the TB sites, 16 of 1,389 subjects with newly diagnosed Mtb infection or disease were identified as HIV infected.
Eighty per cent of the records reviewed for this study were incomplete.
Hispanic subjects were at higher risk of being identified as co-infected at the HIV sites.
At the TB sites, US-born subjects were at higher risk of being identified as co-infected.
Recommendations for high risk individuals include yearly tuberculosis skin testing.
Adherence to these guidelines in selected high-risk clinical care sites in Rhode Island was substandard during the study period ; the importance of Mtb screening was demonstrated in this study.
Identification of groups that are at higher risk of having HIV and Mtb co-infection identified may enable health care providers to improve testing and prevention of tuberculosis at high risk clinical care settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Infection mixte, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacteriaceae, Mycobacteriales, Actinomycetes, Bactérie, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Complication, Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Infection opportuniste, Rhode Island, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Mixed infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacteriaceae, Mycobacteriales, Actinomycetes, Bacteria, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Complication, Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Opportunistic infection, Rhode Island, United States, North America, America, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0246540
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 11/09/1998.